Minds vs. AIs

This keynote presentation, prepared for a technical podcast, discusses the relationship between human minds (focusing on some crucial mathematical concepts and fundamentals of the philosophy of mind) and artificial intelligence.

Summary note on the philosophy of mind

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of the mind, mental events, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain. One of the key concepts in the philosophy of mind is the mind-body problem, which delves into the relationship between mind and body and whether they are separate or interconnected entities somehow.

Various thinkers have contributed significant ideas to the philosophy of mind. René Descartes, a French philosopher, proposed the concept of mind-body dualism, suggesting that the mind and body are separate substances.

Rene Descartes, the first thinker who focused also on the philosophy of mind.
Rene Descartes was one of the first thinkers to concern himself with the mind-body relationship by defining the concepts of “res cogitans” (i.e., the mind) and “res extensa” (i.e., the body, or, in this case, the brain).

On the other hand, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke advocated a materialist perspective, postulating that all mental phenomena can be explained in physical terms.

Contemporary philosophers such as Daniel Dennett and David Chalmers have further expanded these ideas, exploring consciousness, qualia, and the nature of subjective experience. This philosophical discipline continues to be a rich and complex field of study, grappling with fundamental questions about the nature of human cognition and consciousness.

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